Latest on Africa’s top 10 corona-virus (COVID-19) testing countries. South Africa leads with 108,021 COVID-19 tests followed by Ghana, Egypt, Tunisia & Morocco.
Africa has 20,270 COVID-19 confirmed cases, 1,025 corona-virus related deaths, and 4,700 deaths as at 18 April 2020
COVID-19 testing will help reduce the impact of the corona-virus by enabling
- Treatment & isolation of those infected with COVID-19
- Tracing & quarantining contacts
- Efficient allocation of medical resources
- Assessment of risk & development of interventions (lock-down, social distancing, socio-economic relief & aid)
It is important for countries to model worst-case scenarios and have enough ventilators, ICU beds, protective equipment for health workers & hospital beds to treat COVID-19 patients.
Types of COVID-19 tests
- Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test (Molecular tests): A throat cotton swab is tested for the presence of the virus’s genetic material. They can only diagnose current cases of COVID-19, not recoveries or past infections.
- Serological tests: A blood sample is tested for the presence of COVID-19 antibodies, they are very useful in detecting an infection with mild or no symptoms.
|Country||COVID-19 tests||Confirmed cases||Recoveries||Deaths||Population|
A standard for collecting COVID-19 testing country data
Countries should ensure that their COVID-19 testing data is comprehensive, detailed & up-to-date as outlined below
- Dated data sets
- Tests (positive, negative & pending)
- Tests performed
- People tested
- Regional data (province or state to district or city)
- Demographic break-down (Age & gender)
- Testing data source (Private, public or both)
- Outline eligibility criteria for conducting tests
- Hospitalized (current & cumulative)
- ICU (current & cumulative)
- On ventilator (current & cumulative)
- Transmission type (local, foreign or unknown)
- Isolated (current & cumulative)
- Quarantined (current & cumulative)
- Infections (active & recovered)